Friday, October 7, 2011
Net Lease Insider is now publishing its content to a new website - Net Lease Central - a one stop shop for the latest news, research and analysis of the net lease market.
Beyond the weekly blog from Net Lease Insider, Net Lease Central also hosts content from Net Lease Advisor and Calkain Research.
We hope this new tool will provide the most comprehensive picture of the net lease market.
Wednesday, August 3, 2011
- Cap rates for c-stores differ more greatly from premium to non premium tenants than any other sub-section. For example, ExxonMobil trades with cap rates around 5.00%, 7-Eleven around 7.00%, and single unit operators from 10-12%. A gap of almost 700 basis points.
- There was a high focus on only best in class in 2009. Today people are looking at properties with cap rates ranging from 7-8% to 10-12%.
- Larger corporate operators in 2006 and 07 did a lot of sale-leasebacks, especially Circle K. Recently they have been re-purchasing sites. In general, the same people who were selling years ago are buying again.
- Environmental regulations (many of which became active in 2010) caused many gas stations to be sold by corporations due to lack of profitability with regulations.
- Gas Stations are the most polarizing sub-section. They have accelerated depreciation and steady demand. However, environmental regulations and concerns over alternative fuels turn many away.
Read full report here.
Tuesday, July 26, 2011
After a period of over-expansion and uncertainty, Starbucks balanced the ship delivering record-setting financial results in 2010 and entered 2011 focused on improving top line growth and international expansion. The Starbucks brand is very strong and the company continues to capture a larger market share as the premier retailer of specialty coffee. Celebrating their 40-year operating history in the Spring of 2011, Starbucks' management reaffirmed their growth plans, utilizing a global retail footprint.
From a net lease prospective, it is important to recognize that Starbucks' initial growth and market dominance can be contributed to Starbucks ability to find great real estate locations. As others have pointed out, the Starbucks concept and success is driven as much by real estate as it is by coffee and the Starbucks experience. As a result, Starbucks has not only become the premier retailer of specialty coffee, but Starbucks' retail locations have also become popular net lease investments.
Starbucks typically operates under a 10 or 20 year net lease (varies between NN and NNN) with rental increases every five years. With more than 11,000 location in the US, Starbucks locations can be found in both urban and suburban locations, and their locations take advantage of other traffic generators, typically being positioned on the commuting-side of traffic patterns. The average Starbucks store size varies depending on urban versus suburban location, but the newer free-standing locations range from 1,700 - 2,700 SF situated on 0.50 - 1.00+/- of land. The prototypical store model offers a drive-thru window and the configuration is adaptable to a variety of alternative uses.
The combination of a strong brand, stable financials, and premier locations makes Starbucks an appealing option for net lease investors.
View the full profile here.
Thursday, July 21, 2011
Net lease grocery stores are a major player in the NNN market. Their focus on staple products and central locations are the definition of a stable asset. While other retailers with large foot prints couldn’t weather the recession (Circuit City) net lease grocery stores made it through relatively unscathed.
Like all real estate, location is central to a grocer’s success. However, unlike other sectors such as office or traditional retail, there it not a strong temptation to overbuild. Grocery stores inhabit a very stable area of the consumer’s basket. A recession may force customers to cut back on casual dining and weekend shopping but milk and bread will still be bought.
For these reasons cap rates for grocery stores have recently compressed at a faster rate than the rest of the net lease market. Investors are demanding stable, recession proof assets and grocery stores fit this bill perfectly.
Read the full report here.
Wednesday, July 13, 2011
JP Morgan Chase currently sits as the largest financial institution in the United States with over $2 Trillion in assets. Their retail banking operation features just over 5,000 locations across the U.S. with deposits of nearly $650 Billion as of June 2010.Rated A+ by Standard &Poor's and Aa1 by Moody's, Chase stands as one of the higher rated retail tenants commonly seen in the net lease world.
From a real estate perspective, Chase utilizes 7 different prototypes, depending on location and available site dimensions, with the bank branches ranging from 2,585sf to 4,766 situated on 0.65 to just over 1 acre of land. While they tend to prefer to own their locations, when a new site is opened as part of a lease agreement, they will retain ownership of the improvements through the utilization of a long term unsubordinated ground lease.
Their typical lease is for a term of 20 years with four renewal options at five years per option. Given their high credit and class A real estate requirements, their average cap rates are near the lower range found throughout the net lease world, however their leases do provide for rent growth, with 10% increases every 5 years the standard schedule. Some of the recent leases have featured a troublesome clause, allowing the lease to be assigned to any entity that meets certain financial criteria, such as minimum net worth benchmarks. While the minimum threshold set varies, they do detract from the implied safety of a lease guaranteed by the parent company.
Chase was well positioned to weather the stresses of the recent recession, seizing the opportunity to acquire the ailing Washington Mutual Bank without assuming legacy assets. As part of this assumption, Chase has been able to expand it's footprint into markets previously unable to penetrate, such as Florida. While they have been converting existing locations, look for Chase to secure a dominant presence in each of the newly entered markets within 3 to 5 years, creating numerous net leased assets along their expansion routes.
Read the full profile here.
Wednesday, July 6, 2011
Day Care centers are a popular and varied net lease tenant. Unlike other segments such as Banks and Pharmacies, the cap rates for day care centers fluctuate greatly depending on tertiary factors. Nevertheless, since the economic crisis of 2008, Day Care cap rates have stabilized and recently compressed. This is inline with the net lease market en masse and shows a direct correlation to larger market forces. Day care cap rates remain higher than the net lease average, though this is also part of their overall trend.
Key issues that affect day care centers are size of the operator and whether or not the lease is franchise or corporate. Though some net lease investors and REITS choose only to deal with large and national day care operations, more exclusive locally based operators can sometimes offer substantially lower cap rates. However, the advantage of a corporate lease is seen by many as preferable to one guaranteed by a franchisee. Another issue affecting day care centers are their specific location. Properties located as outparcels to centers or with flexible zoning to permit retail or medical office as alternative uses tend to trade for lower cap rates. Investors view this as a means to protect the income stream since a variety of replacement tenants able to match the day care’s rent are possible.
You can read the full report here.
Wednesday, June 29, 2011
There is a very active market for Rite Aids with numerous transactions closing in 2010 and 2011. A number of these pharmacies are located on the East Coast. The sales, at cap rates in the 9% range, resulted from the resale of Rite Aids which were originally sold by Rite Aid in 2008. These transactions closed with relatively long periods of time (greater than 17 years) remaining on their base leases. The typical buyers have been individuals and smaller investment firms. In general, financing has been provided by local banks. Cap rates are yielding an approximate 2% premium to comparable CVS and Walgreen locations.
The supply of corporate 2008 vintage Rite Aid stores has been nearly fully absorbed. In addition, Rite Aid has announced that it will not conduct any corporate sale-leaseback transactions in the current year, so that the Company will not add to the available inventory on hand.
Location has reemerged as a critical factor in NNN retail investment analysis. Published asking cap rates for Rite Aids generally are in the 8.5% to 9.5% range, with California locations listing in the mid to high 7’s. A positive indicator that the number of distressed sellers has declined is that asking cap rates of over 10% are rare.
Due diligence for any retail product, but a Rite Aid in particular, should focus on the balance of the remaining base lease term, proximity of national and local competitors and if available, store sales. An absence of any of these factors could have a significant negative impact on the cap rate or even the salability of the property.
Rite Aid’s financial situation has stabilized. Questions about Rite Aid’s future have diminished. Same store sales have begun to rise. Debt maturities have been extended. New management is focused on boosting front-end sales and profitability. In summary, the investor will receive a strong return relative to other investments available in the market.
Rite Aid recently held their first quarter fiscal 2012 earnings conference call. You can view a full report on Rite Aid and that conference call here.